Excellence in Advocacy

Delegate materials

The programme's national rollout is now in motion aiming to deliver training to 14,000+ delegates. This training will become mandatory for any advocate wishing to undertake publicly funded work for serious sexual offence cases involving vulnerable witnesses.

It is widely acknowledged that children and vulnerable witnesses are unable to cope with the demands of the adversarial process which can and often do increase any existing damage to their psychological and emotional well-being. This is far from a level playing field and therefore justice cannot be seen to be done.

The course aims to help advocates to employ developmentally appropriate language as part of their cross-examination techniques, in order to obtain “best evidence” from a vulnerable witness.

The national training programme has three main stages:

Stage 1 - Online preparation

Compulsory materials

The compulsory preparation should take around eight hours* of your time. Follow this link to access these knowledge elements. The page you will be landing on contains:

  • A series of short films explaining the background to the training
  • HHJ Sally Cahill QC plenary lecture
  • The 20 Principles of Questioning, endorsed by HHJ Sally Cahill QC, Professor Michael Lamb and Dr Jacqueline Wheatcroft
  • The case study of R v George Graham
  • A Ground Rules Hearing (GRH) film in R v George Graham
Cross-examination questions

Based on your reading and viewing of the online materials, you are required to prepare your cross-examination questions for all three female complainants in the case of R v George Graham. You will be asked to email your training provider with your cross-examination questions a week before you attend your face-to-face training. Your course Facilitators will assess them in advance.

If you fail to submit your questions in advance or fail to demonstrate that you have engaged fully with the materials, you will not be permitted to continue to attend your face-to-face course. A lack of preparation on behalf of a delegate could affect the value of the course for others. For quality assurance purposes, training providers will be expected to demonstrate that they have followed this protocol. 

Optional resources

It is recommended that all Delegates are familiar with the materials listed below:

  • The Legal Research Paper - this is a compilation of current cases and legislation relevant to dealing with vulnerable witnesses
  • Criminal Practice Directions
  • Related podcasts
  • Related toolkits
  • Recommended reading list

Click on this link to access the optional resources.

Stage 2 - The face-to-face course

Each training provider will have engaged Facilitators to deliver the courses; please contact your provider of choice for details of courses dates and venues. The face-to-face course does usually run for three hours.*

You must complete Stage 1 online preparation before attending the course.

* The Bar Standards Board has confirmed that the course is the equivalent to 11 CPD hours (eight hours preparation plus three hours face-to-face). Please note that this does not satisfy the New Practitioner advocacy CPD hours.  

Stage 3 - Consolidation Stage

The original project's working group and The Inns of Court College of Advocacy, ICCA (formerly the ATC) have put together a series of exemplar films demonstrating elements of best practice in relation to the fictional case upon which the case materials are based.

Upon your completion of the face-to-face training,  your provider will give you instructions on how to access these exemplar films.

After watching the films, you will be required to fill in a short form in order to be accredited as having completed your training.

Updating materials

During the life of the programme (2016-2018) we will endeavour to update materials as it becomes necessary. You should keep visiting these pages for the most up-to-date training materials.

Accessible (screen reader ready) word versions of all materials available in pdf format within these pages can be provided upon request. Should delegates need such versions, please contact us via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Latest developments to law and procedure

The College is also compiling the most recent information affecting the Advocacy and the Vulnerable programme.

Follow this link to the latest developments.

You are encouraged to regularly check these pages to keep abreast of any new information that needs to be reflected upon when teaching the programme.

Page last updated on 11 January 2018
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